What are HDS cranes?

HDS cranes are material handling devices mounted on vehicle chassis, used for loading and unloading goods. This machine is designed to move heavy loads as well as large individual elements. It is applicable to renovation and construction works. The HDS crane is driven by a hydraulic pump powered by the vehicle's engine. The working part consists of an arm supported by a crane frame, which can extend up to several meters. 

Thinking about working with HDS cranes, we must remember to have the necessary qualifications issued by the Office of Technical Inspection, because all cranes are subject to technical inspection. Working on HDS cranes is possible both in the open air and in closed spaces, among others. in the halls, if they are properly ventilated (the exhaust gas produced by the device - in a closed space - poses a risk of poisoning). Weather conditions are very important and we should always take them into account. That is why we should not use this equipment during strong winds or storms. If our visibility is limited, you must also stop work as soon as possible. 

We must ensure that the vehicle is properly and properly leveled. If we are not sure, what the angle of the crane should be, check the crane's technical data. We should take care of the ground on which the crane will stand. In case it is uneven or boggy, we use special stabilizers and washers. 

Getting started, the operator should check that it is safe in its zone and that there are no bystanders. The work area should be professionally secured, marked and separated for activities. We cannot forget that our vehicle has the handbrake on, the lights are on and special wheel chocks are placed under the wheels, which will block the vehicle's movement in an emergency. The operator is required to be equipped with appropriate personal protective equipment - a protective helmet, non-restrictive clothing or appropriate footwear. 

HDS trucks are often used to transport goods with unusual dimensions or high weight. With the help of a truck with a hydraulic HDS crane, we can transport, for example, containers or building materials, in other words, the entire load that we are not able to transport by car or a trailer attached to it. Thanks to equipping the vehicle with HDS, we are able to cope with loading and unloading, without incurring other additional costs, e.g. related to the use of forklifts or other machines and equipment. 

HDS crane services are perfect for installation works at heights, e.g. for the installation of advertising banners. The forestry industry also benefits from HDS services, as the construction of the HDS cranes enables the felled trees to be transferred onto truck trailers. A great facilitation for HDS cranes is the possibility of using various accessories and handles, thanks to which they can cope with practically any load. HDS transport is used in many industries. Nowadays, saving money and time is worth its weight in gold, so it is worth renting an HDS device. 


 Structural elements of loading cranes 

  • Base - at the base of the crane 
  • Boom - designed for load manipulation 
  • Supports - stabilize the device 
  • Column - vertical element embedded on the crane's base 



To start working on the crane, must complete course and pass the exam before an external committee of the Office of Technical Inspection. The exam checks the knowledge and skills of operating the device. After passing the exam, UDT issues a qualification certificate to the operator (UDT - IIŻ cat.). The obtained authorizations allow the operation of all types of portable, self-propelled or transportable cranes both in Poland and for border. You must have the qualification certificate with you when operating the loading crane. 


To obtain permissions for this type of equipment, the following conditions must be met: 

  • 18 years or older  
  • No health contraindications  
  • Education at least basic level 


Types of HDS cranes: 

  • Forestry cranes for loading timber - equipped with grippers with which trees are lifted 
  • General purpose cranes - are equipped with a structure, mounted rigidly on the vehicle chassis and a boom that operates vertically or horizontally 
  • Vehicle mounted cranes at the rear of the vehicle with a box body 
  • Cranes mounted in the middle of the vehicle between the driver's cab, and the gearbox 


At SPA, we offer a course whose program includes: 

  • Providing pre-medical aid  
  • Information on technical inspection  
  • Knowledge of the construction and equipment of mobile and portable cranes 
  • Knowledge of health and safety regulations 
  • Practical classes on equipment 
  • Equipment operator responsibilities 
  • Estimating the weight of the load 
  • Selection of slings and determination of their technical condition 
  • Knowledge of the operation of crane safety devices 
  • Construction of hydraulic car lifts 

Operators' earnings 

Many people wonder, how much the operator of HDS cranes earns., However, it all depends on whether we work in Poland or abroad. In Poland, the average salary of a crane operator is about PLN 4,300 gross. Of course, people with extensive experience and qualifications earn more. Often it is also important, how long have we been working in a given company. However, with our neighbors in Germany, we can earn from 15 to 18 euros net per hour, or about 2,500-3,000 euros per month. In Norway, we can count on the minimum wage per hour of work in the amount of over 200 crowns (about PLN 90).  



When inspecting the technical condition of the portable crane, we should quickly detect possible defects. Seeing hydraulic oil leaks, lack of equipment in the machine or mechanical damage, we are obligated to respond immediately. Indicators and fixtures must be operational. We should check the emergency STOP button and the operation of the control devices. When operating the HDS crane, the activities are prohibited:   

  • Tampering with safety devices, 
  • Performing work with the use of a defective device, 
  • Pulling loads on the ground, 
  • Work near power lines 
  • Lifting people with a crane  

Remember to use it properly and to perform reliable maintenance on a regular basis. If we do not follow the rules in the area of device maintenance, we may have serious consequences of negligence.  

The most common operator errors:  

  • Using worn out or damaged slings 
  • Incorrect selection of slings 
  • Using a damaged device 
  • Inadequate positioning of the vehicle during operation 
  • Incorrect deployment of supports 


Where to find us: 

Our Operator Training Center is located in Warsaw at 8 Królów Polskich Street, but you can find us in other branches located in large Polish cities. Please see our training offer on the website. We also organize closed training courses for institutional and business clients. If you are interested in our training, please contact us and we will present you an offer tailored to your training needs! 

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